Selling Unofficial Merchandise at Sports Events

If I sell unofficial merchandise outside sporting grounds what rights will I be infringing?

The selling of merchandise outside sporting grounds is big business as many people will wish to purchase something to remember the day and will not wish to pay the prices which are charged by the official outlets.

This is particularly common when attending football matches within the UK as often the roads leading to the stadiums are covered with stalls selling merchandise with the clubs name on it but which has nothing to do with the official brand of the club.

What kind of merchandise is commonly sold outside football grounds?

Often the merchandise sold outside football grounds consists of such things as team scarves, team pin badges, t shirts with the clubs badge etc on, t shirts showing the image of a particular player who plays for that club to name but a few.

If merchandise such as this is sold then there is likely to be infringements in relation to the following things:

  • The use of the official club badge
  • The use of the official club name
  • The use of a club nickname
  • The use of a name of a player or signature
  •  The use of a picture of a group of players
  • The use of a picture of an individual player

Official Club Badge

It is often the case that the official badge of a football club is protected by a trademark. Most of the Premier League club’s will have registered their official club badges as a trademark in order to exploit the use of it on official merchandise and to limit the use of it on unofficial merchandise. For example the FA Premier League club Fulham even changed their badge as the previous one contained the London borough council in which the club is situated and was therefore held to be too common to attract trademark protection. Their new badge has thus been registered as a trademark.

Official Club Name

Often football clubs will register the name of their club as a trademark. As many of the club names will contain a place name they can only attract trademark protection in the entire name. For example Manchester United may be able to be registered as a trademark whereas Manchester will not.

Club Nickname

Many football clubs have nicknames, for example Manchester United are also called the Red Devils. It is also likely that a club will seek to protect the official use of the club’s nickname by registering it as a trademark.

The use of an individual player’s name or his signature

Many individual football players will seek to protect themselves and their own brand by registering their name and their signature as trademarks. In order for a name to be registered as a trademark it is required to be distinctive and not commonplace so not every footballer is able to register his name. The use of a footballers name on a product may therefore infringe a trademark in that name if that particular player was able to register his name.

Certain famous sportsmen are also able to register their signature as a trademark so any t-shirts or posters containing their signature could infringe the players rights. Certain sportsmen such as Tiger Woods are rumored to refuse to sign autographs as they feel it will decrease the value in their registered trademark.

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For more information on:

  • Is simply using the trademark enough for an infringement?
  • Group of Players
  • Individual player