What is a Youth Rehabilitation Order and when will they come into play?

Youth Rehabilitation Order

What is a Youth Rehabilitation Order?

A Youth Rehabilitation Order (YRO) is an order imposed by a Court which is able to be given to young people under the age of 18 years old when they are being sentenced for having committed a criminal offence.

Does the offence have to be a criminal offence?

A Youth Rehabilitation Order will only apply to criminal offences committed by an individual under the age of 18 years old.

How long can a Youth Rehabilitation Order last for?

The maximum period of time for which a Youth Rehabilitation Order will last is three years.

Are there any requirements which will fill the subject matter of the Youth Rehabilitation Order?

A Youth Rehabilitation Order will usually contain one or more requirements which must be adhered to by that young offender. These requirements may include the requirement for the young person to meet with a worker from the Youth Offending Team or the young person may be required to comply with other activities examples of which are unpaid work, a curfew or specific conditions on where they can live.

The full list of requirements which can be imposed on a youth offender under a Youth Rehabilitation Order are as follows:

  • Supervision

  • Activity

  • Programme

  • Unpaid work

  • Curfew

  • Attendance centre

  • Education

  • Mental Health Treatment

  • Residence

  • Local Authority Residence

  • Drug Treatment

  • Drug Testing

  • Prohibited Activity

  • Exclusion

  • Intensive Supervision and Surveillance

A Youth Rehabilitation Order will usually be made up of one or more of the above requirements.

How many times will a youth offender be required to be seen by a Youth Offending Team Worker?

The number of times a youth offender will be required to be seen by a member of the youth offending team will depend on the level of risk they will be deemed to pose following their assessment under the scaled approach used by youth offending team workers.

Youth Rehabilitation Order Plan

For Youth Rehabilitation Orders which include a supervision, activity or programme requirement the Youth Offending Team Worker will work out a plan called a Youth Rehabilitation Order Plan.

What will be detailed in this Youth Rehabilitation Order Plan?

The main aspects of the plan will be concerned with how many sessions the youth offender must attend each month and for how long the sessions will continue for. Information concerning each separate requirements of the Youth Rehabilitation Order will also be provided for in the plan.

What is the purpose of a Youth Rehabilitation Order?

The purpose of the requirements of a Youth Rehabilitation Order are to help that young person think about the following factors:

  • Their behaviour

  • The harm offending can do the victim

  • The harm offending can do to them and the other people involved

  • Reparation or other work with the victim or victims

  • A plan for the future and a plan on how they will deal with any problems of difficulties which they face

  • How they will be supported to access certain services

What will be the role of the Youth Offending Team Worker in this process?

The role of the Youth Offending Team Worker in this process will be to enable and help the young person to understand what it is they need to do. Furthermore the Youth Offending Team Worker will talk and collaborate with the other agencies which may be involved in monitoring aspects of the Youth Rehabilitation Order.

What will be the case if a young person fails to cooperate with the requirements set out in their Youth Rehabilitation Order?

If a young person fails to cooperate with the requirements set out in the Youth Rehabilitation Order they will:

  • Be asked to explain within 24 hours by telephone or letter the reason they have failed to comply with the requirements

  • If the reason they give is deemed unacceptable they will be issued with a warning

  • If the same individual receives three warnings they will have breached the Youth Rehabilitation Order and will be returned to court

What will the court do?

Depending on the reasons for the breach and the Youth Offending Team Worker’s recommendation and the level of risk of the individual the court can decide to amend or revoke the Youth Rehabilitation Order.

Will the Youth Rehabilitation Order always remain the same?

The Youth Rehabilitation Order will be a continually evolving process meaning that throughout the supervision the Youth Offending Team Worker will continually asses the individual’s risk of re-offending and the risk of serious harm.

Therefore if the risk increases the Youth Offending Team Worker can increase the number of monthly visits and if the risk decreases so can the number of monthly visits.

Is there a possibility of the Youth Rehabilitation Order being discharged early?

If the young person is continually doing well and responding well to the requirements under the order then the Youth Offending Team Worker will be able to discuss early discharge of the order will the court.

Is the court likely to allow the early discharge of the order?

The Court will be unlikely to agree to the early discharge of the order unless the following can be shown:

  • That are the requirements have been completed

  • That the individual has completed at least half of the order

  • That the risk of re-offending and the risk of serious harm has reduced or is deemed to be low

  • That the individual has followed all of the instructions which have been given by the Youth Offending Team Worker