Search through over a thousand pages of free legal information written by our selected team of legal experts
Legal Information Index
What is the difference between Criminal and Civil Law?
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is often said to be a country without a written constitution, but this is not strictly true.
Terminology of the ‘constructive trust;’ the ‘institutional’ constructive trust; the ‘remedial’ constructive trust
Law classifications, civil and criminal law, case law, precedents
The Rule of Law was said to be adopted as the “unwritten Constitution of Great Britain”
When can a person be tried on indictment by a judge alone and what are the procedural differences over trial by jury?
Who qualifies for Jury service
How is a Jury selected
How will I be notified? What if I cannot afford to miss work? How to claim your expenses.
Juries in criminal and civil cases
Lay magistrates and Juries
What support is available to those appearing in court?
Legal aid prior to the Access to Justice Act 1999
What state funded legal help is available e.g the CLS
When will a person be required in court
Every citizen in England and Wales is entitled to their personal liberty of Justice
Several subcategories of power; Classification by the nature of the class of objects; Classification by donee’s duties
What are they? When are they used?
What is Statutory Interpretation? What rules apply to Statutory Interpretation, The Mischief Rule and relevant Case Law
The right to be tried by a jury of your peers before your liberty is taken away from you.
The right to a peaceful protest, marches and processions, organisers and advance notice, organiser
What is the Charity Commission and what are its functions?
What is the European Court of Human Rights? What powers does it have in the UK? What rights does it cover?
What is the High Court? What decisions does it take? Precedent and hierarchy.
What changes were brought about with the introduction of the Legal Services Act 2007?
Magistrates’ Court, advantages, disadvantages, cases, indictable.
What types of cases can be transferred for trial at the Crown Court? How can this be done. Can I choose where my trial is heard?
Why is there currently a problem in the UK of increasing prison populations?
What is the UK Supreme Court, its background, the Justices of the Supreme Court, accessibility to the Supreme Court
What is a Barrister? What does a Barrister do? How to I become a Barrister? .
Code of Conduct, professional misconduct, Bar Standards Board, ethics
What is the Bar Pro Bono Unit? What does it do? Who can get help? What can the Bar Pro Bono Unit help with?
The process of making a complaint about a barrister
The Crown Prosecution Service . What does the CPS do? What is its role in sentencing?
The job of a Solicitor. What does his or her work involve ? Rights of Advocacy and Conveyancing.
From the earliest stages of a career, a solicitor has many different options that they can consider.
What is Solicitors code of Conduct? Rules in the code, core duties, the main rules, other rules.
Your solicitor's complaints procedure, the LCS, and the Solicitor's Regulation Authority.
What sort of information can be disclosed? What information will be privileged? Inspection, Documents in control, Standard disclosure
The Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) is the head of service for the Crown Prosecution Service for England and Wales.
What is a notary public and when will they be used?
Control of Major Accident Hazards (Amendment) Regulations 2005, Control of Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1999, COMAH
Environmental Protection Act 1990, Pollution of the Environment, Noise pollution, Section III Environmental Protection ActPollution of the environment
Who is liable to pay for environmental damage suffered in the UK?
Is evidence of bad character admissible in criminal trials?
Appeal, Court of appeal, Appeal court, Permission, House of Lords, ECtHR
Is it against the law not to turn up to court if subpoenaed as a witness? What will happen in court?
What is a witness? The Witness Charter, Going to Court, Witness Protection.
Can religion encroach into other systems of criminal law?
Competence and Compellability, Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999, Evidence under oath, special protection
The rule of collateral finality: Cross-examination, collateral, previous conviction, spent conviction, bias, reliability
Hearsay, business and other documents, Criminal Justice Act 2003, real evidence, computer forensics
What are the advantages of the use of DNA in criminal cases?
Types of Evidence, Hearsay evidence, Real evidence, Testimony
Admissibility of expert evidence, Obtaining facilities for inspection by experts, Legal professional privilege
When to employ an expert or professional witness and what is their role?
Hearsay evidence and the rules relating to it are a very complex part of the law. This article looks at its use in criminal cases
What is illegally or improperly obtained evidence
What is a pre-trial witness? Will all cases have such an interview? What is the procedure and how long will they last?
Should defendants as well as victims be provided with anonymity in cases and investigations concerning rape?
Can a witness to a crime be forced to give evidence at any trial? What if the witness is afraid of the defendant? The witness protection measures.
I want to call someone as a witness in my case but I don’t think they will want to come to court. What should I do?
What is the Animal Welfare Act 2006 and to which animals does the Act apply?
There are laws that govern fishing in England and Wales.
An individual's duty of care to prevent animals which they keep causing harm to others
A herd of cows have strayed into my garden and have caused damage. What are my rights?
A guide to requirements for the licensing of zoos under The Zoo Licensing Act 1981 and the implications of keeping a zoo.
The Legal requirements for practising as a farrier
A guide to The Riding Establishments Act 1964.
In order to own a horse officially, one has to have a horse passport.
What is the law relating to road traffic accidents caused by horses? How is negligence proved?
The law regarding ragwort in fields and horses
What is the law that governs the sale of a horse?
A guide to the laws which apply to the transportation of horses
What are the Legal Requirements for Running Boarding Kennels
I am thinking of getting a pet goat. Are there any rules or regulations I would have to comply with?
In what circumstances can a person become the legal owner of a wild animal?
I am thinking of opening a pet shop. Are there any special requirements I should be aware of?
The rules relating to the movement of pigs and pet pig walking licences.
Licensing requirements for the breeding and sale of dogs for commercial gain.
The Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005, Dog Control Orders, Fixed penalty order, Fouling on land, Keeping dogs on leads
The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, Pit bull terrier type dogs, Out of control dogs, Section 2 of the Dogs Act 1871
As a dog owner what laws do I need to be aware of when I am taking my dog out for a walk?
My dog went missing and his new owner won’t give him back to me. What are my rights?
Legal rights when buying a dog which later proves to have had hidden problems.
The law relating to commercial and private sellers of dogs.
Tender Process for Public Work Contracts: Applying for Work from a Local Authority or Public Body
Legal issues to be aware of when purchasing a business
What is meant by an economic tort? What are the Economic Torts? Inducement to breach contract
What is franchising and what are the regulations governing franchises
Terms to be included in a franchise agreement
What is linking and framing, problems involved, proper way to link and frame, exemptions from asking permission
What Goods can be returned, those that can't and management of returned items
What is the National Export System in the UK?
Pay Per Click, Internet Search engine, Key words or phrases, Independent audit, Websites, Homepage, Sponsored listings
As an employer how can I prevent my employee’s being poached by a rival employer?
What is meant by Product Liability?, Common Law Product Liability, Duty of Care in Negligence, Consumer Protection Act 1987
When is it required and what does it cover
Professional liability. Negligent statements. Avoiding and excluding liability. Limited liability partnerships.
What is one and Does my Business need one in place?
The day you become self employed, tax return and tax liability, what regulations apply to sole traders, VAT
The importance of the terms and conditions of business
What is the UK Film Council and what funding does it provide?
Clauses in a commercial lease, VAT, Insurance, Alterations, Rent review, Subletting, Assigning, Code for Leasing Business Premises
VAT evasion, tax evasion, civil evasion penalty, criminal VAT prosecution policy
If an individual wrongly interferes with goods of another individual then that individual will have a claim tort.
Companies and partnerships
What is Administration, role and duties of an Administrator, and methods of going into Administration.
Is administration an option for a business which is in trouble?
The constitution is at the centre of the way in which a company operates. This article looks at changing it.
An overview of company resolutions, Resolution, Special and ordinary, Companies House, Shareholders
What is liquidation? What is insolvency procedure? Why there is a need for a priority order of creditors?
Directors, Health and safety, Corporate manslaughter, Fines
Director’s duties, conflict of interest, skill care and judgement, Companies Act 2006
Email Information, Mandatory Information, Desirable Information, Email Disclaimers, Confidentiality Notices
Different types of finance: equity finance, debt finance, loan, overdraft, Advantages, Disadvantages
Floating a company, Going public, IPO, Advantages IPO, Disadvantages IPO, Due diligence, and UK investment exchanges
What does forming a limited company involve, What name can you use, the costs of forming a limited company, and how to go about it.
What is insolvency, Causes of insolvency, Individual insolvency measures, Debt relief, Liquidation, Receivership, Administration
What is a joint venture between businesses? Types, structure and reasons for joint ventures as well as problems with joint ventures
Under what circumstances can I charge for the late payment of commercial debts?
Limited liability partnership, partnership, benefits, member, LLP
What is liquidation? Members’ voluntary liquidation, Creditors’ Voluntary Liquidation
Definition of a merger, UK law, role of the OFT , substantial lessening of competition, course of action, and European markets
Is there anything which I need to be aware of when choosing a name for my business?
Advantages and Disadvantages and the Roles and Responsibilities of the Partners
The responsibilities and legal requirements of a company director. How many directors can a company have?
Annual General Meetings, Voting, Control, Special and Ordinary Resolutions
Share capital, voting, pre-emption, reduction, redenomination, allot
The law relating to discrimination in the workplace based on an employee's age.
At what age and time can a young person be employed at certain hours
What age can young people work different jobs
How to change the contract of employment
What constitutes corporate manslaughter? Seriousness of the offence, Legal penalty for corporate manslaughter
As an employer what do I need to be aware of when dismissing an employee?
What does the employer need to be aware of when deciding on a dress code?
What restrictions are there on employers drug testing employees in the workplace.
New regime in relation to employee’s being off work due to sickness or illness
Legal implications for employers implementing employee assessment schemes
As an employer what potential issues can I open myself up to when allowing my employees to work from home?
As an Employer can I access my employees Medical Records?
Maternity Leave and Pay, Legislation, Notice, Commencement, Antenatal Appointments
A guide to the laws applying to employment agencies.
What information are employment agencies required to provide about their work seekers.
Restrictions imposed on employment agencies in relation to their provision of workers to cover workers striking.
Employee bringing grievance to employer during disciplinary action
As an employer am I entitled to refuse a last minute holiday request?
What is low pay commission and what is its role?
What should employers do following the recent natural disaster?
What is the NMW and what are the penalties for employers failing to comply with it.
What is the national minimum wage, the current rate, entitlement, definition of a worker, exceptions, four types of work
How is the NMW applied to output workers?
What information does an employer need to provide employees
Steps an employer can take to prevent former employees stealing information.
The law relating to discrimination in the workplace based on an employee's race.
The law relating to discrimination in the workplace based on an employee's religion.
Which circumstances allow employers to make deductions from their retail workers wages to cover cash shortages?
Can information relating to an alleged case of child abuse from another country be used in the Employment context in the UK?
The law relating to discrimination in the workplace based on an employee's gender.
The law relating to discrimination in the workplace based on an employee's sexual orientation.
What protection is offered to shop workers in relation to working on Sundays?
What are the legal issues and problems involved with using social networking sites at work?
Is it illegal for an employer to dismiss staff for taking part in a strike?
When can staff be dismissed for striking?
What does an employer need to do to dismiss an employee fairly?
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998, What is meant by Work Equipment? What is meant by Use?
What is vicarious liability? How do we define an employee? How do we define an employer? Independent contractors
What is the purpose of ACAS? Are its decisions legally binding? Conciliation; Arbitration; Mediation.
Regulations preventing forced or compulsory labour
Do I have similar powers to the police? Can I make arrests and on what grounds can I act against shoplifters?
When would an employee be judged to have brought their company into disrepute.
British nationals rights to employment over their foreign counterparts.
Are there any laws which can protect me from bullying in the workplace?
Employment contract, Changes, Implied terms, Express terms, Consultation
Can an employee bring a claim on work related stress
What are the levels of compensation awarded as a result of unfair dismissal?
What are your remedies? Agencies you can approach and your entitlement to benefits.
Legal issues for employers using the cycle to work scheme.
How to make your claim have the best chance of success.
What can be deducted from an employee's wages? What amount to deductions? Procedure to follow if your wages have been deducted.
What are the laws of England and Wales which relate specifically to individuals who drive for a living?
The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989, Who has responsibilities under the regulations? Employers and the Self Employed, Employees
The Employment Agencies Act 1973, Agency workers, Basic Rights and, Paid Leave
Can an employment agency withhold pay from a work seeker?
Can an employment agency charge a work seeker?
What are the additional responsibilities of employment agencies to au pairs?
What is an employment contract, terms in a contract of employment, breaching an employment contract, changes to employment contracts.
What is an Employment Tribunal? The Employment Tribunals Service and making a claim at an Employment Tribunal.
The Equal Pay Act 1970, equality clauses, remedies, and EU influence
Legal issues with job applicants providing false information on their CV
Who is entitled to it? Applying for flexible working arrangements. Other options to take time off work.
Internal fraud carried out by an employee
Garden Leave in Redundancy, Restrictive Covenant, Trade secrets and confidential information
Brief background. What are the duties owed by Employers? What are duties of Manufacturers? What are the duties owed by Employees?
The general provisions in the work place, Civil Liability, Vicarious Liability, Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
Civil Liability, Vicarious liability and Independent Contractors, The Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2007, The CDM
Hotel cleaners paid by number of rooms cleaned rather than NMW.
Can I be sacked from my job for using the company internet structure for private internet use?
Spirit Drinks, Application of the regulations, Achievements of the regulations
Sickness, Statutory sick pay, Pregnancy, Disability, Long term, Absence
Maternity Pay, Contractual Maternity Pay, Statutory Maternity Pay, Qualification Criteria, Maternity allowance, Maternity leave, Duration
Maternity rules are complex and ever changing, employers and those looking to rely on these rights should pay careful attention to them
Procedures for taking medical conditions into account in disciplinary action
When an employer runs a check on me will they be able to see any old minor convictions?
National Security Vetting, National Security Clearance, national intelligence services, terrorist, pressure groups
Excessive noise, employment, exposure, Section 6, Control of Noise at Work Regulations
Conditions Required for Paternity Leave, Paid or Unpaid, Duration of Leave, Commencement of Leave, Pay entitlement
Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 1992, Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 2002, Protective equipment
What is redundancy? Collective redundancies. Redundancies and unfair dismissal.
What is meant by the Secondment of an Employee?
Are there any licensing requirements for individuals wishing to work as social workers in the UK?
What is Statutory Sick Pay? Who is entitled to it and what are the limitations on entitlement?
Blacklisting workers for membership of trade unions.
What rights do I have to request time off for training from my employer?
Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations. Transfer of the business, changes in the terms of employment, unfair dismissals
Demonstrating a dismissal is reasonable, automatically unfair dismissals, remedies and compensation for unfair dismissals.
If I take an unpaid internship am I likely to be exploited in the context of Employment Law?
The legal regulations governing the payment of overtime
Working Time Regulations 1998, Workers Under 18, The 48 Hour Week, Opting Out of the 48 Hour week
What legal issues do those working with children and vulnerable adults need to be aware of?
Height in the UK
When do I have the right to claim damages for wrongful dismissal? What is the difference between unfair and wrongful dismissal?
What different kinds of work can be the subject of copyright? What if the author of the work is unknown? Durations of copyright.
How can I claim for royalties when my original artwork is sold?
Who owns works created by a computer, Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
What is the duration of copyright? Who owns the copyright for different types of works?
What constitutes copyright infringement? Secondary infringement, remedies, and exemptions.
The Copyright Licensing Agency, The Music Industry, The Film Industry, Copyright Licensing, What is meant by a Copyright Licence?
Copyright protection for software including literal and non-literal copying
What are the data protection requirements for my business?
What rights are there under UK law for music, How do record companies protect the copyright in musical works, Digital Rights Management
What are the new powers which have been provided to the Information Commissioner for serious breaches of the Data Protection Act?
Copyright, Trade Marks, Patents, Domain Names, What can and cannot be registered, obscene and offensive trade marks
Copyright infringement and illegal material on the internet
Licences for open source software
What is Passing Off? What are the elements to passing off? If I have already registered my trade mark can I rely on passing off?
What is a patent, what ideas can I patent, filing a patent application, steps involved in getting your patent published.
A brief description of patent infringement, primary infringement, secondary infringement, exclusive rights, jurisdiction, burden of proof
A brief description of the main patent infringement defences
Database, What is meant by a database, Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
Self publishing versus Publishing House
Integrated circuits, Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, subsistence and ownership of semiconductor
What are Technological Protection Measures? By-passing technological protection measures by legitimate users, the Infosoc directive
What is a trade mark, what can you trade mark, what are the benefits of trade marks and how do you register a trade mark?
Trade Mark, Absolute Grounds, Refusal, Distinctive Character, Capable of Distinguishing, Public Morality
Trademark Infringement, Registered Mark, In the course of trade, infringements specified by the Act
The relative grounds for refusal of a trademark are given under Section 5 of the Trade marks Act 1994.
The Trade Marks Act 1994 specifies certain infringements and how to establish these infringements.
Is it necessary to register a trademark and when do you have an unregistered trademark.
What is an unregistered design right? Subsistence, exceptions, ownership and duration of the right
Abuse of a dominant position, what is a dominant position, what is abuse, exemptions
What are Anti-competitive agreements? UK Law, EU Law, Agreements seen as anti-competitive, Exemptions, Block exemptions
The regulations relating to best before and use by dates.
What is the free movement of goods? What is a Free trade Area? The common customs Tariff, Restrictions on trade, Restrictions
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2005, Hazardous Substances, Excluded Substances, Duty of Employers
What issues do I need to be aware of when distance marketing financial services?
How to I ensure my business is complying with the Electronic Commerce (EC Directive) Regulations 2002?
I wish to rent a farm for the purpose of my business. What regulations do I need to be aware of?
Rules applicable to food businesses to report certain medical conditions of their staff
Is there any food hygiene legislation which may affect the operation of my business?
What temperature must various food be kept at
Fundamental freedoms, Free movement of capital, European Union Member States, Internal Market, Single Market, Articles 56 – 60 EC Treaty
EU solidarity, Free Movement of Goods & the Internal Market, Article 28 & 29 of the EC Treaty, Common Standards
Free Movement of Services & the Internal Market, Benefits of the Internal Market, Barriers to trade between Member States
EU Solidarity, Free Movement of Workers, What is guaranteed by Article 39? What is meant by a worker?
What are the tougher penalties which have been created by the Health and Safety Offences Act 2008?
Duties of an Employer. Duties of an Employee. Who are the governing authorities?
Internet, Use of the Internet & Email, Dangers in abuse of the Internet & Email, Internet Acceptable Use Policy
Protection, Legislation, Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000, Interception of Communications, Access to Encrypted Data
What legislation do I need to be aware of when selling products?
What requirements do I need to be aware of when selling meat?
What is the office of fair trading, roles of the office of fair trading, where can people go if they have problems with a business.
Provisions of services regulations, services, terms of business, contract, complaints
When can a food stuff be registered
Regulation and the FSA
What are these clauses and how do they affect trade
Warranty, Statutory Rights under Sale of Goods Act, Extended Warranties
Web server, hosting, Internet Service Providers, In House hosting, Regulations
Metric Quantities, Fixed Weight Packages, Specific Industries
Guidance for completing an Acknowledgment of Service. Form N9.
Admissions of fact, Notice to admit facts, Deemed admission of the authenticity of disclosed documents, Proof of documents
Standard and special directions, determination without a hearing, and costs.
Choosing the best form of resolving disputes for the parties; the different forms include mediation, arbitration
What are the alternative dispute resolution ways according to the English law
More alternatives methods to expensive litigation for resolving disputes
What is an affidavit and when will they be used?
Guidance for completing an Application Notice. Form N244.
Do I have to attend a case management conference?
County Court Judgments: What are they? How do they arise? What are their consequences? How can they be removed?
Introduction to civil court appeals, Civil appeals framework, Time for bringing an appeal, Permission to appeal
General principles, Interim costs orders, Final costs orders, Quantification of costs
Introduction to civil court trials, Pre-trial checklists and fixing the date of the trial, Jury trial, Trial bundles, Hearing in public or private
How can I start proceedings in the court, and what are civil procedure rules? What is a claim form and what does it have to contain?
Different ways to claim in civil proceedings
Rights of a party to inspect documents during Civil Proceedings.
Where does a civil court case begin?
Guidance for filling in a Claim Form. Form N1.
What is the clinical disputes forum and what is its function
Introduction to commencement of proceedings, Which court? The claim form, Particulars of claim, Issuing the claim form, Filing.
Consent orders, Tomlin orders, judgment orders, enforcement, court approval, administrative procedure.
What are enforcement orders and the different types of enforcement orders
When is enforcement used? Methods of enforcement. Which method of enforcement should be used?
What evidence is admissible in court? Can I give evidence as an expert witness? What other witnesses can be called to give evidence?
Allocation to the fast-track, Experts in fast-track claims, Trial bundles, Costs.
Introduction to financing litigation; Traditional retainer; Conditional fee agreements
What is a Freezing Injunction? How and when can I use one?
Common law rule against hearsay; Civil Evidence Act 1995
What are interim applications? How to apply for one? What are the examples of interim applications? Is serving a notice necessary?
The material deals with the meaning of interim injunctions and the need for their existence
This article examines interim payments and looks at the circumstances in which they can be made.
What is judgment in default? What constitutes default? Excluded cases. Entering default judgment
What is judicial review and how can I make a claim? What are the remedies? Do I need permission from to court to apply for Judicial Review?
What happens if the defendant cannot serve his defence on time?
What is a letter of claim and what are they for
What should the letter of claim for defamation claims contain
What should the letter of claim for personal injury claims contain
What should the letter of claim for professional negligence claims contain
What should the letter of claim for medical negligence claims contain
What should the letter of claim for judicial review contain
What should the letter of claim for a construction or engineering dispute contain
What should the letter of claim for a housing disrepair case contain
What should the letter of claim for a disease or illness contain
What is meant by limitation periods under UK law and when will this come into play?
What are mandatory and prohibitory injunctions? How to apply for an in junction? What is a freezing injunction?
What is mediation procedure? How can I start one? Will I be bound by the settlement agreement?
The Benefits of Mediation Procedure
Allocation to the multi-track, Agreed Directions, Case management conference, Control of evidence
Claims for pure economic loss and negligent misstatements
No win - No fee agreements are also known as Conditional Fee agreements. After-the-event insurance and requirements
Settling a Dispute through an Ombudsman
Parties and joinder in civil proceedings
What is possession claim online and is it a service which is available to me?
Pre-action protocol, non-compliance, approved protocols, cost penalties
What is the pre-action protocol for defamation claims contain
What is the pre-action protocol for rent arrears claims
What is the pre-action protocol for mortgage arrears claims
What is the pre-action protocol for personal injury claims
What is the pre-action protocol for road traffic accident claims
What is the pre-action protocol for professional negligence claims
What is the pre-action protocol for medical negligence claims
What is the pre-action protocol for judicial review
What is the pre-action protocol for a construction or engineering dispute
What is the pre-action protocol for a housing disrepair case
What is the pre-action protocol for a disease or illness
From Commencement to Service of the Defence
Guidance for completing a Pre-trial Checklist or Listing Questionnaire. Form N170.
What is public Interest Immunity? Non-disclosure on Public Policy grounds. The test for disclosure where public interest immunity is claimed.
Disclosure requirements and requests for information
How do I respond to the Court proceedings? What if I cannot afford to pay anything?
Obtaining Judgment in Default against a Defendant who lives or carries out their business in Scotland and enforcement of the Judgment
Introduction to search orders; Procedure on application for search order; Claimant’s undertaking
Security, costs, court order, court discretion, application, notice
What is Shariah? How will it affect me if it make an entry into the UK?
Preparing for a Final Small Claims Hearing
Claims under £10,000, Claims under £5,000, Small Claims Court, Arbitration, District judge
Norwich Pharmacal orders, Pre-action disclosure, Production of documents against non-parties, Inspection of property
What are statements of case? How to write them? What do statements of case contain?
Fourteen days period, Particulars of Claim, Defence, Counterclaim, Reply, Statement of Truth, Striking out Statement of Case
Statutory Demands. What are they, Why use them and how to respond to them?
What is the ‘Test’ for summary Judgment Applications? Types of Proceedings summary Judgment is and is not available.
What is meant by fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation?, Tort of Deceit, Example of Deceit, Elements of the Claim, False Representation
When to use the small claims track, how to begin a claim, enforcing judgement, and appeals.
Problems with making a small claim, Money Claim Online, Requirements for Money Claim Online, Process for Money Claim Online
The three tracks and the overriding objective
What types of tracks are there? What are the criteria which the court applies when deciding to which track to allocate the claim?
What is the Muslim Arbitration Tribunal? What type of dispute resolution will the tribunals be involved in? Will it work within the British context?
What is Warrant of Execution? What is a Writ of Fieri Facias? What are the advantages and disadvantages of enforcement using them?
Part 36 or without prejudice offers, formalities, offer acceptance, financial consequences
Your rights if an airline loses your baggage
Your rights when your airline goes bankrupt whilst you are abroad
Rights for disabled air passengers
When is cold calling legal and when is it illegal?
Product safety and price indications. General obligations, Manufacturers, and the EU.
When you have bought something that you are not happy with what are your rights to request a refund?
What are your statutory rights when buying goods at an auction? Property auctions, Business auctions.
Security and legal issues when buying products or services online.
Sale of Damaged goods and your rights
Distance Selling regulations
Legal regulations governing those soliciting sales door to door
Shopping from Home: What are you rights as a consumer?
What is a hire purchase agreement? When is one available? Are any cars excluded from the possibility of a hire purchase agreement?
Legality of tour operators to add additional charges after booking.
What is the reason for non payment? Was the food below standard so the restaurant broke their end of the contract? Will the police be called?
What legal rights do consumers have to return goods? Do goods have to be faulty to get a refund?
How does the law offer protection when dining at restaurant?
What issues should I consider when trying to write an effective complaint letter?
Have you bought something from a non-professional trader?
What remedies are available to buyers in a contract for the sale of goods?
What is the law in relation to the sale of goods over the internet?
Shill bidding and the law explained
Recommendations when selecting trades people to carry out home improvements at your house
Rights when your tour operator goes bust
What terms do I need to look out for when signing up for a package travel contract?
Statutory Rights under Sale of Goods Act, Extended Warranties, Warranty, repair or replacement
My washing machine has broken and the guarantee has run out. What are my rights?
What constitutes acceptance of a contract
When does this occur and on what grounds can it be applied
Bailment defined, Licences, Finders, Involuntary recipients, Unsolicited Goods and Services Acts.
The material considers what can constitute a breach of contract and what actions are then available to the party
What is Capacity in Contract Law? Minors and Capacity in Contract Law, Contracts that can be voided with minors, The Minors Contracts Act
Mental Capacity Act 2005, Incapacity but not under control, Capable of understanding
The High Court case of Ford Motor Co Ltd v AEF
Mistake, Definition, Common Mistakes, Unilateral Mistakes, Mutual Mistakes , Mistakes relating to Identity
What is the difference and how does it work
What is Consideration in Contract Law? What is the legal definition of Consideration? How is it acknowledged by the courts?
Introduction to contract law? What is a contract? When is a contract effective.
Identifying the terms of a contract
Do I have to provide something in return for a contract to work
What happens if I enter a contract containing false statements?
If I am to enter into a contract with a minor is there anything which I should be aware of?
Contracts relating to employment; Contracts relating to the sale of a business
Introduction to deeds, Requirements, Consideration
Duress, Undue Influence, Contract, Agreement, Presumption, Financial, Economic Duress, Doctrine of Notice
What is an electronic contract?
What needs to be proved? How can it be proved?
What is an Exemption Clause? What are the different types of Exemption Clauses? Interpretation of the Exemption Clause?
Contracts promoting sexual immorality, contracts for sex, Immoral contracts
A background to IT contracts, software contracts, software acquisition, licences, implied terms, hardware acquisition
What problems can arise from international sales? Types of international sale contracts. When will the risk pass to the buyer? Bills of lading
Different types of implied terms in contracts
What is Legal Intent in Contract Law? Is there Legal Intent in Family and Social arrangement? Is there Legal Intent in Commercial Agreements?
How do I know if I have a legally binding contract
Is the exemption clause in my contract legal?
The contractual nature of the licence
Certain types of contract which are regarded as threatening to the institution of marriage are therefore treated as illegal.
What is the difference between Novation and Assignment and when may I need to use this?
Certainty in offer and acceptance, Meaningless phrases, Incomplete agreements, Obligations distinguished from ‘machinery’
When do you have an offer to create a contract
What is product liability in tort and contract? What are the differences?
What amounts to a promise to create a contract
The principles of ratification, The agent must purport to act on behalf of a principle, The principle must be in existence at the time of the contract
What is Privity in Contract Law? What are the Rules? Exceptions to the Rule of Privity
Package Holidays, the Package Travel Regulations 1992
What is meant by Terms and Conditions?, Purpose, Contractual Provisions, Definition, Pricing, Payment Provisions
Supply of services, Implied terms, Contract Law, Consumer protection, Title, Correspondence with Description, Sale by Sample, Quality
What should a buyer be aware of in a contract for the sale of goods?
Severance of consideration, Severance of promises, The Blue Pencil Test
Contract terms, Exclusion clause, Limitation clause, Indemnity clause
Undue influence: The concept; Actual undue influence
Sellers and buyers, Excluded terms, Unfair terms in letting agreements.
What legal protections is available for unfair contracts
Websites, specification, contractual terms, ‘feature-creep’, maintenance, domain name
Exemption clauses explained
The age of criminal responsibility, England and Wales, Scotland, Other Jurisdictions
Aggravated burglary as a criminal offence under Section 10 of the Theft Act 1968
Can I use being drunk as a defence to a criminal act?
What is an ASBO? How long does one last? What if I breach my ASBO?
Appeal to the Crown Court, Appeals to the High Court by way of case stated, Application for judicial review
The general right to Bail. Does it depend on the severity of the offence. Appeals to the Crown Court if refused in the Magistrates' Court.
Will I get prosecuted for assaulting a police officer?
When will assets be forfeited following a criminal conviction?
What is automatism? Automatism distinguished from insanity, self-induced automatism, drunkenness and drugs.
How is bail decided?
Blackmail under the theft act
What constitutes a 'breach of the peace'?
Changes brought about by the Bribery Act 2010 to reduce the payment of bribes.
Burglary under The Theft Act 1968
What are they? When can one be made? What should one do after making a Citizen's Arrest?
Car and vehicle related offences
The criminal offences of common assault, actual bodily harm (ABH) and grievous bodily harm (GBH).
What is community sentencing, and what types are there? The National Probation Service, Probation Officers and what are probation hostels?
What is covered, what is excluded, the amount, varying the order, the effect of deprivation and confiscation orders
The general rule, Category 1: where corroboration/care warning is required as a matter of law/obligatory, Category 2: Discretionary care warning
What constitutes criminal damage? The types of criminal damage. Recklessness and threats to life.
Who can be cross examined? What is the process of cross examination?
Holding a Defendant on Remand while awaiting Trial
What is a cyberbullying? What types of cyberbullying are there, and what should you do if you are a victim?
What must the prosecution disclose to the defence in criminal proceedings?
Duress by threat is a general defence to any crime but is unavailable if a defendant faces a charge of murder
Diminished Responsibility and the Criminal Law – Homicide Act & the Coroners and Justice Act
What is a Drink Banning Order? Who can impose them and what are the penalties for breaching one?
Are drug suppliers liable for death of customers?
Is possession and supply of drug paraphernalia illegal under the criminal law?
Can a failure to act make a person guilty in the eyes of the law?
The Forgery and Counterfeiting Act 1981, Forging, Copying, Counterfeiting, Using false instrument
Is there any law I need to be aware of as a graffiti artist?
What are the details of the offence of handling stolen goods and will I face prosecution?
Regulations in place to discourage human traficking
The material deals with an important aspect of every criminal trial which is identification evidence.
Under the criminal law of England and Wales the partial defence of infanticide provides a defence for both murder and manslaughter.
What is an indictment? Joinder of counts, Joinder of defendants, Discretion to order separate trials, Misjoinder, Alternative counts, Amendments
The M’Naghten Rules, elements of the defence, disease of the mind, defect of reason, knowledge that the act is wrong.
Right to an interpreter in criminal cases
What is involuntary manslaughter? Constructive manslaughter, unlawful acts, risk of harm, relevant mens rea, manslaughter by gross negligence
Section 2 of the Homicide Act 1957, The Coroners and Justice Act 2009, Defence of Provocation
What is meant by litter? The Offence of Dropping Litter, If I get caught will I face a sanction, Fixed penalty notices
What is the law in relation to legal highs?
What does the law say about unlawful killings?
The material deals with situations where the Prosecution are resting a case on insufficient evidence.
Obtaining Property by Deception, Obtaining, Property, Belonging to Another, Position in relation to bank transfers
What constitutes outraging public decency?
What does it involve? Perjury, intimidating witnesses, jurors or the Judge, fabricating evidence
Do judges take into account past decisions
Seizing assets obtained through criminality
The article explains the duty of the prosecutor to disclose materials to the defence.
When can identification procedures be used?
What is meant by plea bargaining and when will it come into play?
What is an offensive weapon? Defences: lawful authority and reasonable excuse. Maximum sentence upon conviction.
What are the powers of a security guard when dealing with shoplifters? Do they have powers similar to the police?
Rights when in custody, Money, Phone calls, Health care, Rights after custody
Does the prison service have a duty of care towards prisoners?
The main aspect deals with the resolution of disputes where the offender takes issue with the prosecution’s facts on a guilty plea.
How Can the Courts Prove a Person's Intention to Commit a Crime?
What is public nuisance? Who are the public? Developments in the law.
Racial and religious offences and aggravated offences? Religion, the law, and incitement to religious hatred. Reporting attacks to the police
Stealing from museums or art galleries under the theft act.
Possibilities for reopening criminal cases
Restraining orders - what are they, when are they imposed, standard of proof required
Factors in proving robbery
What is the difference between sedition, obscenity and blasphemy?
The Assets Recovery Agency and Powers to Confiscate Assets under the Proceeds of Crime Act
How the Courts decide on the Sentence to Pass
Introduction to sentencing
Why is sentencing part of our legal system
The material deals with the sentencing process where a suspect admits offences other than the ones for which he is being prosecuted.
What is shoplifting? Why people shoplift? The consequences for shoplifters.
The right to remain silent in criminal proceedings
Smoking ban, places of work, what happens if I get caught smoking in a public place
Some 96 per cent of all criminal cases are tried in magistrates’ courts. The procedure is the same, whether the offence is triable only summarily.
The article deals with the meaning of suspended sentences
What is Terrorism? The burden and standard of proof required. Arrest, Detention, Interviews, Charge, Sentencing. Detention without Charge.
The guidelines, Scope of the Turnbull Guidelines, Supporting evidence, The accused’s silence.
Required intention to be convicted of theft
Points to prove theft
What is TV licensing? Can I get a refund on my television licence? Detector vans.
The Misuse of Drugs Act 1991, Classes of drugs, Offences and penalties.
When can a bill of indictment be preferred by the prosecution? What is the procedure and how is the decision taken?
A list of the crimes known as 'white collar' crimes
Who can be considered as a young offender, causes of youth offence, pre-court proceedings for youth offenders
What is a Youth Rehabilitation Order and when will they come into play?
How can I appeal against a criminal conviction?
Criminal Records Checks, types of disclosure and the Criminal Records Bureau.
What is a criminal record, spent and unspent convictions and the relevance of criminal records.
The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974. Spent convictions and having them removed from your record.
How can I be provided with access to the information which the police hold about me?
Can the police face sanctions if it is deemed that they have falsely arrested someone?
What are the powers and duties of the police custody officer?
In what circumstances are the police allowed to take my fingerprints and other samples?
What is the purpose of identification procedures? What are the four types of identification procedures used by the police following the arrest of a suspect? Which procedure should the police use?
The use of Police Identity Parades in the UK Criminal Justice System
The Police And Criminal Evidence Act 1984
Police Community Support Officer (PCSOs), Powers, Police Reform Act 2002, Crime, Anti-social Behaviour, Patrolling, Community policing
What are the power of arrest? Who can be arrested? PACE and limits on police power. A citizen's arrest.
What is police entrapment? Is it permitted in the UK? Can it be used as part of my defence?
A detainee's rights, being 'verballed', the police offer's duties, the right to inform somebody of your arrest, a break every 8 hours.
What are my options if I am subject to interview conducted by the police?
What is the PNC? How did it start? What type of information does it hold? How can I access the information about me?
What is entry and search? When is a warrant necessary? Under what circumstances is a warrant not needed?
Powers of police to stop and search under 1984
Police arrest warrants and powers
How are suspects protected in custody
Police powers to search with and without a search warrant
What is 'Stop and Search?' When can the police use this power? What are the rules they need to follow? How can you make a complaint?
What rights do I have if I have been the victim of a crime?
Is it an offence to waste police time? What is the penalty for doing this?
Cruising, Voyeurism, Penalties for "Cottaging," Legal rights.
Is it an offence to be in possession of extreme pornographic images?
Persons who "groom" children with the ultimate intention of meeting them to commit a substantive sex offence
What is homosexuality? How does the law deal with it? Countries where homosexuality is still a criminal offence.
What is the law relating to indecent images of children and the internet?
What are immoral earnings? How are immoral earnings gained? What is being done about prostitution and immoral earnings?
What action should you take if you have been raped? Will the person who raped you go to prison and should I report the crime?
What should I do if I am being stalked and are there any legal remedies that can protect me?
Is prostitution legal in the UK? What are the related activities which are illegal? What offences committed by Kerb Crawling?
Rape, sexual assault and assault by penetration
Sexual offences, consent, as a young person do I have a right to confidential advice, is there any protection for people over the age of 16.
The legal issues concerning sex, HIV and consent.
Who is liable for registration?
When will someone be placed on the sex offenders register and what does it mean?
What is age discrimination? Types of age discrimination. Remedies if you have been discriminated against on grounds of age.
What is the difference between direct and indirect discrimination?
An introduction to discrimination law
Discrimination based on disability, direct and indirect discrimination, victimisation, discrimination as grievance.
The Equality Bill 2009 received royal assent on the 8th April 2010 creating the Equality Act 2010.
Racial, Religious, and because of Sexual Orientation
If an employer discriminates against an employee on the grounds of having IVF treatment will this fall foul of anti-discrimination laws?
The Race Relations Act 1976
As a Christian can I claim for discrimination in the workplace when I feel I am being treated differently due to my religious beliefs?
What constitutes sex discrimination? Who bears responsibility for it? Victimisation. What you should do if you are a victim.
Are volunteers covered by disability discrimination laws?
Domestic violence, occupation order, non-molestation order, relevant child, associated person
What does it mean to have the right to respect of private and family life and when will this come into play?
What are the laws that are designed to protect against Domestic Violence in the UK?
Finding the right kind of care home and making sure that you are appropriately cared for?
Non-molestation orders in domestic violence
Domestic violence, occupation order, entitled applicant, balance of harm, regulatory order
What public funding is available in family law cases?
The material considers the welfare principle in family proceedings, including when such is to be applied and the consideration it involves.
Who is eligible to adopt? Are any people ineligible? How lengthy is the adoption process? The Adoption panel and the decision.
How to apply, Who is eligible, Gay couples, Consent of the child involved, travel to the UK for abortions to be carried out.
How does UK abortion Law legislate? Regulations doctors follow to carry out terminations. The 1967 Abortion Act
Reasons for which you could be absent from school
What is meant by an academy? How are they funded? Who will run the school? The role sponsors play and involvement of the local authority
What is the law regarding a parent's right to access to their children? What are the rights of people in common law marriages?
Has your Child caused an Accident? Negligence, Liability, and Compensation.
At what ages are children restricted from certain activities
What are affiliation orders? How do they work and how have they changed because of DNA ?
The Threshold Criteria under the Children's Act 1989
Can the surname of a child be changed? What is the procedure? Does the father have to give his consent?
What are child assessment orders?
Parental responsibility, Consent, Joint responsibility, Sole responsibility, Mother, Father, Unmarried father
Imposing curfews on parents who fail to pay child maintenance
Confiscating a parent's passport for failure to pay child maintenance
Making deductions from a parent's bank account for failure to pay child maintenance
Deductions from a parent's earnings for not paying child maintenance
Taking away a parent's licence for not paying child maintenance
Imprisoning parents for failure to pay child maintenance.
Capacity for children to make their own legal decisions
Making sure a parent pays for their child
It is given high regard and the courts will almost always base their decisions on the results of the questions posed under the welfare checklist.
Contact Orders made under the Children Act 1989
Purposes of an Emergency Protection Order
An introduction to EPOs
What should I do if my child is excluded from the school?
A local authority has not only a moral duty but a legal duty to protect the children within their designated area
What is a maintenance order? Child support agency, Reciprocal Enforcement of Maintenance Orders, Enforcing maintenance orders.
How does the office for standards in Education (OFSTED) work?
What are prohibited steps and specific issue order? When can those be used and what is the effect of the grant of an order? How are applications made? What is the duration of a prohibited steps and specific issue orders?
The law accepts three types of parents: Genetic, gestational and social.
What is parental responsibility? Examples of parental responsibilities. Unmarried fathers rights to access to their children.
The parent-child relationship
Maintenance order for spouse before divorce, application pursuant to Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 s27
General Principles under the Children Act 1989
What happens when a pupil is caught with drugs in school?
The material deals with residence orders and their practicable meaning
School Admissions, The Admissions Code, Admissions Process, Objections, Oversubscription, Special Educational Needs
How a Statutory Assessment is made?
What is a special guardianship order? When can the courts grant special guardianship orders? Who can apply for the order and become a special guardian? What is the effect of a special guardianship order?
The meanings of surrogacy and surrogacy agreement are considered as well as the effect in terms of legal parenthood of the child.
Are there any legal issues which need to be examined before choosing surrogacy as a way of conceiving a child?
Welfare Reform Bill and its Impact on Father’s Rights in relation to Parental Responsibility.
There are three provisions that have been put in place for the protection and safe return of abducted children that apply internationally
This article looks at the measures that have been introduced by the British Government in more detail.
Family assets, Court discretion, Orders on family assets, Matrimonial home, Matrimonial home rights
Divorce and effects on the family, division of property
Divorce procedure, stages involved, decree nisi and decree absolute.
What are the grounds for divorce in India. Does religion have any effect on the law? Similarities between the two countries.
What are the potential issues experienced when a divorce threatens to break up a family business?
What factors will I need to consider following my divorce?
What grounds are necessary to file for divorce?
What is this and when will it come into play?
What part will my pension play in my divorce proceedings?
How do your pension rights get affected after a divorce?
Why choose separation, legal separation, effects on the family.
Decree of nullity for void and voidable marriages
What is a civil partnership? What rights does couples in a civil partnership have? Similarities to marriage.
The rights of cohabiting couples. How are their financial affairs affected? Gay and lesbian couples. Students and cohabitation.
How the Law treats living Partners
What is a 'common law marriage'? Does it have any legal status? Possible changes in the law.
Domestic agreements: The leading case in this category is Balfour v Balfour.
What is a Forced Marriage? How does an arranged marriage differ from a forced marriage?
What makes a Marriage Valid?
Marriage, Formation of marriage, Solemnisation of marriage, Consequences of marriage, Void and voidable marriages
What are the restrictions on the right to marry for people with limited or no leave in the UK?
Post-marital agreement, post-separation agreement, pre-nuptial agreement, ancillary, divorce
What is a prenuptial agreement, Enforcement of prenuptial agreement in England and Wales, s 25(2) of the Matrimonial Causes Act
Should a pre-marital agreement be made before a marriage?
Who am I not allowed to Marry or enter a Civil Partnership with?
What are the prerequisites of an attachment to earnings order? Attachable earnings, excluded earnings and unemployment.
What are Bailiffs? When can they be used and what can they do?
Can a bank refuse to open a bank account for me? In what circumstances is the bank allowed to do this?
What did the court say? Who has responsibility over the legality of bank charges? Is the case closed?
What does the ruling mean? Can I still reclaim my bank charges? Which charges can still be reclaimed? How do I go about this?
What is the relationship between the banker and the customer? Does a bank have any duties of care with respect to the customer? I
What is a Bank Reference? Does your bank have an obligation to provide you with one? What if your bank does not regard you as 'low risk'?
How to obtain a Bank Reference. What will it say?
What is bankruptcy and what are the effects of bankruptcy. Why file for bankruptcy and how to file for bankruptcy
Insuring a specific part of your body against injury.
Reason for the Regulations, Cancellation Rights under the Financial Services (Distance Marketing) Regulations, Cancellation period
What is meant by Capital Gains Tax and is there any way which I can reduce the amount I have to pay?
What is a Charging Order?, Property that can be the subject of a Charging Order, Council tax and charging orders, and the powers of the court.
Consumer Credit Act, Fixed credit agreement, Statements
What are they and how can I benefit?
What is a debt relief order? How can one be obtained? Who is eligible and who would benefit most from a debt relief order?
What is an equity release scheme? Who can benefit from equity release? How can I benefit?
Phantom Cash Withdrawal and Forged Cheques, are discussed here.
A quick guide to the FSA
Their use in letting agreements and mortgages
What types of identity crimes are there? What’s the difference between identity theft and identity fraud?
How much can I bring in without arousing suspicion? Can I purchase tobacco online instead? Can I pay the taxes due?
Inheritance Tax, Inheritance Tax Threshold, couples and civil partners, who has to pay the inheritance tax
What is meant by a gift, Gifts before I die, Exempt beneficiaries, Annual exemption, Exempt gifts
What is personal insolvency? How do I declare myself bankrupt? Will the bankruptcy be discharged?
What is an IVA? Who would apply for an IVA? How can I apply for an IVA? What debts are an IVA able to clear?
Money Claim Online (MCOL) is Her Majesty’s Court Service online service for Claimant’s and Defendant’s.
How Banks Operate using the Internet?
Are there any alternative insurance policies to getting Payment Protection Insurance?
If I have taken out a Payment Protection Insurance Policy can I cancel it at any time?
The mis-selling of Payment Protection Insurance (PPI)
How can a consumer reclaim any PPI that they have been mis-sold in the past?
What is the procedure with banking in the sale of goods transaction? Can the bank refuse to pay the credit?
What kinds of company shares are available for me to purchase?
Where one party (the trustee) is ordered in equity to hold property for the benefit of another party (the beneficiary)
Do I have to pay VAT on the purchase of a car?
Suretyship, Guarantee, Indemnity, Do both guarantees and indemnities have to be in writing, demand
Defining charitable trusts: When is a trust charitable?
Are there any advantages in my business in giving to charity?
What conditions are provided for by the Code of Conduct for fundraisers in the United Kingdom?
What is Gift Aid and how does it work with Charities in the UK?
How is fundraising by charitable bodies in the United Kingdom regulated?
Voluntary retirement of trustees, Compulsory retirement of trustees at the direction of the beneficiaries.
The general duty of care, The standard investment criteria, The need for advice, Financial considerations, Ethical considerations, Periodic review of investments
In what ways can a charity use its funds?
There are a number of ways in which wider powers of investment may be possible: Power of variation in trust deed, Consent of beneficiaries, Variation of Trusts Act 1958, Trustee Act 1925 s 57, Principle on which court grants approval.
What grounds of appeal are accepted by the Immigration & Asylum Chamber? How can a decision to not be in accordance with the rules?
Is it a Criminal Offence for Migrants to Work Illegally in the UK?
What is deportation? What is the rationale behind it?
Deportation and removal of people from the United Kingdom
What evidence can be heard by the Immigration & Asylum Chamber and what can legally be appealed against?
Extradition from the UK to a:
What are the Highly Skilled Migrants Programme and innovators scheme?
How can know members of Al-Qaeda be allowed to stay in the United Kingdom under the Human Rights Act?
How are human rights appeals determined and what jurisdiction do appeal bodies have in human rights cases?
Prohibition of Returning Refugees and Asylum Seekers to the Countries of Risk
How are hearings conducted in the Immigration & Asylum Chamber?
Structure of the immigration appeals system; the Immigration & Asylum Chamber – its principles and the 2005 rules
Legal representation in immigration and asylum matters; legal aid; regulatory bodies; Office of the Immigration Services Commissioner,
What does 'legitimate expectation' mean in terms of people claiming asylum or under immigration control?
What are immigration rules with respect to the prohibition of returning refugees? What is perceived as a serious risk for life and liberty?
What are the special rules on entry for work and business for self employed creatives or investors?
What help will they offer to UK Nationals? What will the British Embassy not be able to do?
What is dual nationality? Is it permitted in the UK? What are its advantages and are there any disadvantages?
If I have been imprisoned for a criminal act committed aboard will I be forced to come back to the UK?
What are my rights if my flight is cancelled or severely delayed?
Movement of Pets within the European Union
The rights of a person moving countries, The protection available for people moving countries, The rights of family members
The EC Treaty allows members of one EU country to freely move and work within another EU country
Types of UK citizenship, dual nationality, British subjects, British Nationality Act 1981, Commonwealth citizenship.
The electoral roll, or register, lists all those who have registered to vote in a certain area, its purpose, elections, and fraud prevention.
Is it ever possible for refugees and asylum seekers to establish a family life in the UK?
What is covered in the test? What happens if I fail? How many time can I take the 'life in the UK' test?
What is naturalisation? The scope of naturalisation. The life in the UK test. Requisites for naturalisation.
What are my rights and responsibilities as a young citizen?
What is the proof of intention to leave requirement in relation to visitor visa applications from visa national countries?
Unmarried couples and fiancée settlement applications; cohabitation; time frame for fiancées.
Will you be eligible for a student visa? What documents are required for the application? Can I work on a student visa?
How to apply for a visa for the United Kingdom. Types of UK visas. Documents needed and sponsorship.
Priority and no priority need, local authority housing, homelessness
Adverse possession of unregistered land, Adverse possession of registered land under LRA 1925
Exclusive possession, Determinate term, Term less than that of the grantor
Buying and selling registered and unregistered land. Conveyance and the law.
New development with no existing unit holders, Conversion of property with existing unit holders
Constructive trust arising because a purchaser of land has expressly agreed to take subject to the interest of a third party
Registration, Notice, Restriction, Possessory, Absolute, Qualified, Proprietorship, Property
The Law of the land When does co-ownership arise?
What is legally my land? Minerals and mines, Wild animals, Water, Airspace, and Trees, plants and flowers.
Types of planning permission. The use of the caravan. Is it permanent or temporary?
What are easements and how can I claim one? Can I claim easement after a continuous use of the land?
Equitable interest, Legal Interests, Proprietary/ personal rights, Freehold, Leasehold
The purchaser must be bona fide, The purchaser must give value, The purchaser must acquire a legal estate
Estate in fee simple absolute in possession
How to go about getting land that has been neglected cleaned up
Who has ownership rights over objects found on land
Legal interests: LPA 1925, s.1(2)
The discretionary nature of equity
What Liability do I have towards other people entering my property?
What is meant by Private Nuisance, Requirements, Continuous Interference, Unlawful Interference, Interference of the use or enjoyment of Land
The 'right to roam' in the United Kingdom. Your right to have access to private land in England and Wales.
How to Register your Land and Protect your Interests
What is unregistered land and the registration process.
What are the different forms of trespass? What constitutes trespass? The damages that can be sought
Nature of land charges
When a Landlord wants to take a Property back into his Possession
Legal considerations when assigning a lease on a property
What is the procedure to evict a tenant
What is a lodger? Are they classified as 'sub-tenants'? What rights do they have? Does a lodger affect council tax?
Protecting a tenants deposit, rights laid out in tenancy agreements, landlords repairing obligations, non paying tenants.
What obligations exist under the Code of Practice for leasing business premises in England and Wales?
What is a 'Notice to Quit.' What are its contents? Section 8 Notice and Section 21 Notice.
What if I have inherited a property with a sitting tenant? How does a sitting tenant affect the selling process?
Adverse possession is the process by which the title of land is transferred to another without the permission of the paper owner
What you can do upon discovering a squatter. The law regarding their removal. Empty and abandoned properties.
Importance of extension and enfranchisement, Qualifying conditions for buying the freehold, Individual and collective enfranchisement.
Planning procedures when extending property
What are the advantages and disadvantages of a charging order? How to apply for a charging order and an over view of the process.
The Use of Break Clauses in Commercial Property Leases – issues to consider
What is a 'Deed of Confirmation'? How can one be obtained? What about any inaccuracies in the document?
What is the reason for most disputes? How can any conflict be managed?
Significance of constructive trusts
What is conveyancing procedure? Pre-contract searches and enquiries, Standard requisitions and pre-completion searches
Leasehold as opposed to Freehold, Rights and Responsibilities, Title, Registry, Administration.
Certainties, Formalities, Express trust, Constructive trust, Resulting trust, Statutory trust, Testator
What is an Energy Performance Certificate and when will one be required?
What is the process of being evicted because you are not paying your mortgage?
What happens if I suffer financial difficulties and fail to properly conclude a property deal?
What happens if I suffer financial difficulties and fail to properly conclude a property deal?
The law surrounding family property and family assets
My neighbour’s hedge is very high. Is there anything I can do about it?
What is a home information pack and how was this used in the sale of a house?
Are there any legal issues which I should be aware of when entering into a home exchange?
The granting, effect and revocation of property licences
What is a 'Lock Out Agreement'? When do they need to be used?
What to do if you cannot afford to pay your mortgage.
Rights of the mortgagee to title deeds or charge certificate
Rights of the mortgagor: the mortgagor’s right to redeem
What is mortgage fraud and when does it occur?
The legal issues with new build propery.
What requires planning permission and what does not. Where and how do I apply? Property ownership and planning permission.
When is an Order for Sale used? How is an Order for Sale obtained?
Relationships giving rise to a presumption of advancement; Relationships where no presumption of advancement arises
Land boundaries, fences, trees and bushes, access, Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors.
A means of creating proprietary interests; Establishing a claim by way of proprietary estoppel; Scope of proprietary estoppel
Evidence required to rebut a presumption of advancement
As a homeowner am I running the risk of repossession?
What is a Restrictive Covenant? What types of Restrictive Covenant exist? Finding out whether land is affected.
What does it mean when your solicitor says they will retain funds in a property transaction?
A trustee de son tort, Strangers as trustees; Trustees, Strangers, Remedies
Primary liability, a personal remedy, Requirements of an accessory liability
Timeshare Agreement, the Timeshare Act, When will the Act apply, obligations under the Act
What you should do if you cannot find your title deeds.
The nature of trusts and trust types
Can a couple cohabiting buy a property together? What other options do they have? The rights of cohabiting couples.
What are joint tenancies? What protection is offered by the law to all occupants?
The purpose of a tenancy agreement. Kinds of tenancy agreement. What should it include?
Tenancy in common or joint tenancy, inheritance tax benefits of becoming tenants in common.
What are Tenancy Deposit Schemes? How does the law affect them? What is required of a landlord? How do they protect tenants' deposits?
If a tenant has been paying their rent but their landlord is in mortgage arrears can they face eviction?
A number of bodies have the right to enter your home in certain circumstances, this article looks at them in more detail.
What is the route to becoming a solicitor? The Legal Practice Course (LPC), specialisation, law firms, partners.
How can you become a solicitor without going to university? This is done by qualifying as a Legal Executive with the Institute of Legal Executives
How will my student loan repayments be made?, Payment Calculation, When will the repayments begin?
Can you still become a solicitor or barrister without a law degree? What is the GDL or Law Conversion Course? What are the entry requirements?
The Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) and its role in regulating advertising
Trespass, Aggravated Trespass, photographers, film crews
Office of Communications, What is meant by the Office of Communications?, Specific Duties of Ofcom
Right to access CCTv footage from public bodies
Classification of video works under the Video Recordings Act 1984
What is the Contempt of Court Act? Section 11 of the contempt of court Act 1981.
Contempt of Court, What is meant by Contempt of Court? What needs to be shown to prove contempt of court?
Defamation laws, libel, slander, repeating libellous claims, libel and the internet
What is the Law on False Statements and Defamation about Election Candidates?
How it can be a criminal offence
Juries in libel cases, Definitions of defamation used by judges, Disagreements over definitions of defamation, Libel and Slander
Fair dealing and the use of photographs, fair dealing and criticism or review
What are the legal restrictions on publishing exit polls during elections?
Can I reproduce Football Association Premier League fixtures on my website?
Obscene, Indecent or Racially or Religiously Offensive Material and the freedom to express it.
The Freedom of Information Act 2000 and the statutory right to access information which is held by pubic authorities
Can Legal Challenge be brought against the UK’s decision to list specific events under the Broadcasting Act?
Slander, malicious falsehoods, slander of goods and title.
Legislative framework, security, confidentiality, location data, billing, automatic call forwarding
Identifying crime suspects, dangers of the inference of guilt, ACPO guidelines on police naming crime suspects, Queen’s Bench 1991 ruling
The Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005, informant and witness protection from media identification, the Coroners and Justice Bill 2009
Does media law differ in Northern Ireland from England and Wales?
Ofcom challenges to prices set for broadcasting of sport
Official Secrets Act 1911 & 1989, Official Information, What is meant by Official Information, Protected Categories of Information
Street trouble, press photographers, citizen photographers, obstructing the highway, obstructing the police
Photography, filming, paparazzi, the Press Complaints Commission Code of Practice, and Protection Against Harassment
Journalistic Sources. What is meant by a Journalistic Source? Why are they offered protection?
How should I get rid of intrusive phone calls, e-mails, text messages and faxes?
Statutory regulation of broadcast journalism by Ofcom, BBC Editorial Guidelines, Press Complaints Commission and the Editor’s Code
Does the law place any restrictions on reporting on an individual's criminal convictions once they have become spent?
Can the media report anything in relation to sporting stars?
Police powers under section 44 of Terrorism Act 2000, use of section 44 powers against photographers
Prosecution material released to media, 2005 Crown Prosecution Service protocol, public interest in court cases
Restrictions on Reporting, The Open Court Rule, Can hearings be held in Private? Does the Human Rights Act have a part to play?
Self Regulation, Press Standards Board of Finance, Functions, Press Complaints Commission
What are the offences which can be committed under the Video Recordings Act?
Avoiding disability discrimination on a website
What are the legal problems associated with archiving of internet resources
Can ISPs be asked to remove defamatory statements
Development of the law, Registered Designs Act 1949, current position.
Legal issues to be aware of when making a website
Intercepting communications, Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, exceptions in private communications networks, Communications Act 2003
Offences under the Fraud Act 2006, false representations, phishing, pharming, failure to disclose information
Legal right to remove images on Google Street View
Unauthorised access with intent to commit a further offence, If found guilty of computer hacking will I be liable for criminal prosecution?
Law regarding impersonating someone online
What are internet lottery scams and what should I do if I become the subject of one?
Harassment offences applied to email, defences, aggravated harassment by email, civil remedies
When I sign up for social networking sites such as Facebook will my personal information be able to be viewed by other organisations?
Software development agreement, software, bespoke, testing, intellectual property, estimates
Computer Misuse Act 1990, unauthorised access by employees, authorised access for unauthorised purposes.
Computer Misuse Act 1990, the old s3 offence of unauthorised modification, unsolicited emails
What is classified as an abandoned vehicle? Nuisance vehicles. Do the council have an obligation to remove abandoned vehicles?
What aggravating and mitigating factors will the courts consider following a conviction for a motor offence? When will mitigating circumstances apply? When will the court consider any ‘special reasons’ relating to an offence and what powers does the court have in this instance?
When can I be breath tested? What happens if I refuse a breath test? How much alcohol can you drink before going over the limit?
Failing to Provide Sample for Analysis (Breath Tests)
What constitutes what is often referred to as 'driving without due care and attention' and what penalties can a court impose?
What individuals are covered by the code and what does it deal with?
How to claim against the at-fault party insurers. Legal Expenses Cover, What to do with your vehicle damage, Making a personal injury claim
What are the laws in the UK in relation to the legal clamping of cars?
What effect does diabetes have on the criminal law (motoring)?
Having a disability does not essentially mean that you cannot or will not be permitted to drive and schemes are in place to provide assistance.
When will obligatory and discretionary disqualifications apply? What are drink driving cases and high risk offenders? How does the penalty points system use disqualification from driving, and for what periods?
The defendant can seek to claim that he had special reasons for driving over the limit and other defences
What are the legal requirements? Licence and insurance. Navigation and maps. Road rules.
Driving whilst disqualified, Road Traffic Act 1988, Set period and/or until test passed, Legal definitions of driving
Do I have to have insurance to drive a car in the UK?
What is drug driving? Testing for drug driving. Prosecution for driving under the influence of drugs. The penalties for drug driving.
Endorsable and non-endorsable penalties, offences that carry fixed penalties, fine levels.
What does appealing against a motoring offence involve? What are most appeals based on? Can I go to the Crown Court?
How to make an insurance claim after a road accident?
What is the law in relation to using a mobile phone whilst driving?
What is the MIB? What are its legal responsibilities? Making a claim to the MIB
What is meant by Nuisance Parking?, The Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005, Exposing Vehicles for Sale on a Road
What are the legal protocols after a RTA.
Who can make a claim for personal injury caused by a road accident?
How to avoid the cameras. What can you do if you receive a speeding ticket? Calibration of equipment.
What is the position against the use of speed cameras in the United Kingdom and are there questions over their legality?
Full details of how the scheme operates.
What protection does the Vehicle Builders and Repairers Association offer consumers.
Euthanasia, UK Law, Suicide Act 1961, sentencing, active and passive euthanasia, medically assisted suicide
What constitutes a 'Breach of Confidence?' What defence are possible? The public interest reason.
Why change your name, what is a Deed Poll, how to change your name by Deed Poll, updating records after changing your name by.
Jurisdiction, Assessing capacity, Making an application.
What is damage to your reputation? Defamation and defences against a claim of defamation.
What is the Data Protection Act? How does it affect me? How to see what information is held about you and have incorrect information changed.
How to make sure what happens to your body after you die?
Anyone aged eighteen and above may be detained in a psychiatric hospital if the person has one of the mental disorders listed in Mental Health
What are your human rights? What can you if they are breached? The Human Rights Act 1998
Image and UK law, trade mark, passing off, false endorsement, advertising, Independent Television Commission
What happens if someone loses the capacity to make important decisions due to some form of impairment?
What is power of attorney, types of power of attorney, who to give power of attorney to, why would you need power of attorney.
Types of protective order, breaches of protective orders, aggravating factors, mitigating factors
Individual self defence in the UK. Under what circumstances can self-defence be used? How can force in self-defence be carried out?
What rights exist in relation to the surveillance of private individuals?
An individuals' right not to be subjected to torture or to inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Trespass to the person, assault, battery, false imprisonment, self-defence, consent, necessity
What is a claim in negligence and how are they established
What type of actions can be construed as Dental Negligence? How difficult is it to fight and win a dental negligence case?
How the health service ombudsman can help me?
Medical negligence, negligence, causation, compensation, injury
What consists of clinical negligence? What are the possible outcomes? Civil claims or criminal prosecution.
Complaining about NHS treatment. Grievances about unprofessional service, poor service, or maladministration with regard to treatment.
Vibration White Finger (VWF), Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS), symptoms, and the law
How can I make a claim for compensation due to an injury suffered as part of my employment in the military?
What is asbestos? How does it cause disease? What treatments is available?
Can I make a personal injury claim if I sustained an injury while overseas?
How can I make a compensation claim for an injury suffered in a public place?
How to complain about a private health treatment?
When is a person contributory negligent and how is this proven for personal injury claims
Compensation for the victims of crime. Who are the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA)? How do the CICA makes their decisions?
What are the possible defences against personal injury claims?
The duty of care in negligence as a concept
What are they? What money are you entitled to claim - benefits and compensation.
Have you been injured in a violent criminal attack?
Your employer's responsibility, illness and the environment, negligence, and making a compensation claim
Personal Injury, Limitation Act 1980, Three years Limitation, Date of Knowledge Exception to the Limitation rule.
How to make a personal injury claim?
Nervous Shock, Negligence, Primary Victim, Secondary Victim, Members of the Emergency Services
Personal Injuries, compensation claims, how much will I get in compensation?
What is the rehabilitation code and when is it used
How are most caused? What is the prognosis? The benefits and compensation you may be entitled to receive.
What is whiplash and how does it occur? How long will it last? How to claim compensation? How much will I get?
Sponsorship contracts in sport
The law in relation to the purchase and use of airguns in the UK
Sponsorship, Consumption at Sports Grounds, Complete ban on alcohol advertising , Alcohol consumption
How are allocations of tickets governed for major sporting events?
Corporate Sponsorship, Ambush Marketing, Examples of ambush marketing, Legal protection
The London Olympic Games and Paralympic Games Act 2006, Schedule 4, The Olympic Symbol (Protection) Act 1995
Cancellation of a sporting event, agreement for hosting, reasons an event may be cancelled Cancellation of a sporting event
Sports Injuries, Liability Insurance, Loss of earnings or other financial loss, Claiming for Damages
Fair Play and the Protection of Children and Young People in Sport
What are collective bargaining agreements and how are they used in Sport?
Court of Arbitration for Sport, Functions, Disputes, Agreement in Writing, Procedures, Law, Appeals
Offences against the person, Criteria to establish in the sporting context, Consent
Discrimination against disabled people in a sporting context
Can a disabled athlete compete in a sport for able bodied individuals?
As an athlete am I subject to any sanctions
Will an athlete who is caught using performance enhancing substances be guilty of a criminal offence?
Article 11 WADA Code, World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), Football Association of Wales, UEFA, cycling, athletics
What are the links between Education and Sport?
Legal issues involved with endorsing sports stars or sports teams.
European Sports Charter, Aims of the Charter, Recommendations
Hospitality, Exclusive Hospitality, On-Site versus off-site hospitality
Exemptions for sports such as football from competition rules
Free Movement of Goods, Temporary importation of goods, Elimination of all administration documents
Elimination of all administration documents, Minimum Health Requirements, Quarantine Measures, Safeguarding and Improving Breeding
The issue of gender in sport, Competitive Advantage and Genetic Differences, Gender ambiguities
When is it appropriate for the Government to become involved in the organisation of Sport?
How is the government involved in the hosting of the Olympics?
International Sporting Event, Olympic Games, Football World Cup, Bidding Process, Paralympic Games
What is the law in the UK in relation to the sport of fox hunting?
The International Olympic Committee is the supreme authority for the Olympic Movement. This article looks at the IOC in more detail.
Can athlete support personnel be held liable for a doping offence under the WADA Code?
What is meant by match fixing, Match Fixing in the Professional sports arena, Rules set by the Governing Body, Penalties
Money Laundering in Sport and the Financial Action Task Force
Can the participants in a sport be held liable for negligent acts which they commit while playing the sport?
The hosting requirements and how they can affect other sporting events.
What is the law in the UK and what should I be aware of?
Independent Arbitration, Sports Dispute Resolution Panel / Sport Resolutions, Who brings disputes before Sport Resolutions
Sponsorship Agreements, Key Terms to be included, Issues arising out of sponsorship agreements
Requirements for Sports Coaching
What is specificity and does it allow the sporting industry to break the law
Sport and the Law, the European Model of Sport, Government Agencies involved in Sport
General Terms and Conditions
Football Fixtures, the Olympic Games, the Fraud Act, Sentencing, the Proceeds of Crime Act
Timing of major events such as the Olympics or world cup.
The Tobacco Advertising and Promotion Act 2002, EU Directive on Tobacco Advertising and Sponsorship, UK tobacco industry expenditure
Legality of ambush marketing at sports venues
Unofficial merchandise, Club Badge, Club Name, Club Nickname, Group of players, Individual player
How can I only use a VISA card to buy tickets for the 2012 games?
Can private companies organise international matches?
Conditions and prices charged to away supporters depending on the football club supported
Can a government ban an international football team from playing?
How to become a football referee
Bosman Case, Article 39 EC Treaty, Effects of the Decision, Home-grown players rule.
Can I be prosecuted for chanting at football matches?
Requirements for football coaches
Are football players able to unilaterally break their existing contract with their football club?
What happens if an individual makes a claim regarding corruption in sport and most notably football?
Corruption in player transfers between clubs
Can the same individual own two football clubs at the same time?
How does it happen and is it legal for a footballer to go unpaid.
Takeovers of a football club by the fans
How do I become a football agent?
Do football agents owe any fiduciary duties to their clients?
What are the implications following FIFA’s recent claims that the current regime surrounding the regulation of football agents is not working?
Can a football agent represent both a football player and a particular club in a transfer situation involving that player?
What powers does the FA Premier League have over the Football Association?
Football banning order, Football (Offences and Disorder) Act 1999, Public Order Act 1986, Football Spectators Act, Violent Crime Reduction Act
Football Clubs going into administration and becoming insolvent
When can clubs be forced to play behind closed doors?
Is it illegal for a football club to approach a player directly who is under contract with another football club?
Can a professional footballer decide to play for free?
European Convention on Spectator Violence and Misbehaviour at Sports Events, Prevention
Role of the supporters' federation
What is meant by the term and what legal difficulties can arise
What is it's purpose and what issues does it deal with.
Can the football authorities limit the amount of foreign players playing for specific clubs in specific football competitions?
Football Season Ticket, Unfair Terms in Consumer Contract Regulations, Application of Legislation
The Hillsborough Disaster, Taylor Report, Football Spectators Act, Requirements in and around stadiums.
The legalities of building a new football stadium.
FIFA, The FIFA Disciplinary Committee, Court of Arbitration for Sport, Transfer Bans
Legal issues involved with foreign investment in football clubs.
What is goal line technology and what are the implications if it is introduced.
Will there be a Great Britain football team participating in the 2012 Olympic Games?
Governing bodies in breach of the act by abusing the rights of players
Is it illegal to stream live football matches on the internet?
Football clubs compensation for loss of player from international football injuries
Regulations governing the movement of football players between clubs in a season.
Football managers and the free movement of labour
What are the requirements for owning a football club?
Payment to football clubs for playing the the premier league
Legality of paying injured players and other pay as you play arrangements
Premier League to be played between 3 and 5 pm on a Saturday afternoon are not legally allowed to be shown on television
Could the premier league run the English national team?
Is it possible to change the current format of the FA Premier League?
What is the PFA and what does it do
Can the law intervene to prevent cases of abuse in football?
What is the Referees' Association and what are the benefits of membership?
Can both players and football clubs be punished for their conduct in relation to referees?
Can sporting governing bodies impose sanctions on teams who do not appear in a match or a tournament which they are scheduled to play in?
What is meant by a salary cap in Sport and would this ever be used in English football?
Football Association Premier League, Television Rights, Collective Selling versus joint selling, Competition Law, Premier League commitments
Regulations governing sponsoring football teams.
Why is there no sponsorship on the football shirts?
Legality of the rule under the Insolvency Act
Registration of Football Players, Third Party Player Ownership, FA and FA Premier League Rules, FIFA Rules
Ticket Touting, Legislation, Sentencing, Internet Ticket Touting, The World Cup
What are the potential legal issues surrounding the football transfer window?
Do European Football Clubs have a voice in the decisions made by the European Governing Body of Football?
What are the UEFA Financial Fair Play Proposals and what affect will they have on football clubs?
What is the legal position on using a football player's name in a computer game?
Can a verbal contract be legally binding?
Powers of the police in preventing violence in football matches.
What requirements are there for international footballers to have work permits?
Copyright infringement of Football footage
What is attendance allowance, qualification for attendance allowance, daytime and night-time disability conditions, and rates
Committing benefit fraud, penalties, different types, and suspects
What is the DLA? Making claims, allowance rates, extra benefits, and age limits
Who is eligible? How do I apply and what documents do I need?
What is income support? Who is eligible? How is it calculated? What can a person receive?
What is legal aid and who is eligible for legal aid?
What is the ILF? Do I qualify and how can I apply? Group 1 and group 2 claims.
Public funding, Criminal cases, Representation, Magistrates court, Legal aid, Access to justice
The first requirement of the three certainties is the certainty of intention
Fixed Trust, Discretionary Trust, Certainty of Objects, trust property, Administrative unworkability
The requirement of subject matter is one of the three certainties (requirements) that has to be present for an express trust to be valid
Costs of challenging a will, Grounds for challenge, What makes an invalid will? Improper procedure, Personal circumstances
What is a Codicil? What is its effect on an existing Will? Revoking a Will, When is a Will revoked?
On what grounds can a will be contested?
Changing a will after death. When can a deed of variation be used and is it reliable?
The duties of trustees of discretionary trusts
Power of disposition, Sale of the freehold reversion, Sale of the lease by the tenant
Dying intestate, Rule of Intestate, Single, Divorced or Widowed, Unmarried couples, Married with no children
Enforcing a trust: enforcing fully constituted trusts and enforcing incompletely constituted trusts
Have you been made an executor by the deceased?
Trusts in land/ personality, Testator, beneficiary, formalities, equitable interest
A will may be invalid if these formalities are not followed.
Grant of Probate, Grant of Simple Administration, Grant of Letters of Administration with the Will annexed, persons entitled to take out the grant.
Making a dependency claim
Making a Claim, Categories of persons who can apply for reasonable financial provision, Court considerations in assessing application
A living will is not a will which we understand in the normal sense, but an ‘advance statement’ or ‘directive’
Why make a will, writing a will, changing a will
What is a mutual will? Things to include in a mutual will. Making a mutual will.
What is Probate? Do I need a Grant of Representation? Applying for a Grant of Probate, Applying for Probate when there is no will.
Reasonable Financial Provision under the Inheritance Act 1975
The presumption of resulting trusts does no more than call for proof of an intention to confer beneficial ownership
What are resulting trusts? Distinguishing resulting and constructive trusts, Rationale of resulting trusts
What does the revocation of a will actually mean?
A proprietary interest in the fund, A proprietary right for the class as a whole, A proprietary right for individual beneficiaries
What are the rules of intestacy? Powers of the personal representatives, Entitlement of spouses, Civil partners
What effect has recent legislation had on these rules?
An Introduction to Secret Trusts
Fully secret trust, Half-secret trust, Secret trustee, Legacy
Fiduciary duties and trustees
Appointing replacement and additional trustees
Should I make a will even if I am not married or do not have children?
Still have unanswered questions?
Ask your legal question using the box below and have a response from solicitor or barrister within minutes.
Copyright © In Brief.co.uk, All Rights Reserved.