The mortgagor’s right to redeem
The primary right enjoyed by the mortgagor is the right to redeem the mortgage on repayment of the loan and payment of any interest provided for by the charge.
Right to redeem at law
At law the right to redeem is a matter of contract: the mortgagor can redeem on the date or dates and in the manner provided for in the mortgage. Thus, should the agreement provide that the mortgage should be redeemed on a particular date; the mortgagor has, at law, a right to redeem on that day only. The legal rule does not allow him to insist on redeeming the mortgage either before or after the contractual date. At common law, if he did not pay on the contractual date, the mortgagor at one time forfeited the land to the mortgagee and could still be sued in contract for the repayment of the debt. Accordingly the legal right to redeem was, and is, very limited.
Right to redeem in equity
Fortunately, equity took a very different view of the situation, particularly as there were examples of mortgagees absenting themselves so that it became impossible for the mortgagor to repay on the contractual date. As the purpose of the agreement was merely to provide the mortgagee with security for the loan, equity took view that, as long as the advance and any interest was paid, the mortgagee should not be able to object to redemption.
For more information on:
- Instalment mortgages
- The equity of redemption
- Right to grant leases
- Right to sue