Shares are the amounts invested in a company by its owners. Owners of a company in this manner will thus be shareholders.
If you wish to purchase shares in a company you are effectively purchasing stock in that company.
What are the categories of shares that are available?
Available shares can be broken down into the following categories:
Ordinary shares are the most common standard company shares as they carry with them no special rights or restrictions.
Preference shares carry a right whereby any annual dividends that are available for distribution will be paid on these shares as a priority to before other types of shares.
Cumulative preference shares carry a right whereby the dividend will be carried forward to successive years if it cannot be paid in an earlier year.
Redeemable shares will be issued with an agreement that the company will buy then back at the option of the company or the shareholder either after a certain period of time or on a fixed date.
A company must have a mixture of the above shares, all with differing conditions attached to them, as it would be impossible for the proper running of the company just to have redeemable shares.
Will the shares that I purchase always be in the same currency?
Different types of shares for the same company may be in different currencies even if the company is formed in England and Wales. A public limited company in England, Wales and Scotland, however, must have at least £50,000 of its issued capital in pounds sterling regardless of whatever other currency it may use.
Do I have to purchase the shares directly from the company?
Shares in a public company for the most part will be transferred though a broker dealing in the market which is appropriate to those shares. There is however, instances whereby you can purchase shares from another individual and the shares will be transferred directly from the seller to the buyer.
How do shares become transferred to new owners?
The way in which shares will be transferred to a new owner depends on whether the company for which the shares are held is a public limited company or a private or unlimited company.
For more information on:
- Public limited company
- Private or unlimited company
- How much stamp duty is required to be paid for the transfer of shares?
- Can a company re-arrange its shares?
- Can the rights which are attached to shares be changed?
- Is it possible for a company to purchase its own shares?
- If a company buys its own shares does it require a transfer document?