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Immigration Law

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Grounds of Appeal in Immigration Cases

Human Rights Act and Terrorists in UK

Immigrant Human Rights Appeals

English Law Non-refoulement

Legal Representation Before Immigration Asylum Chamber

Legitimate Expectation in Asylum

Deportation

Deportation From UK

Removal From UK

Extradition From UK to Category One Country

Extradition From UK to Category Two Country

Emigration

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Flight Delays and Cancellations

Movement of Pets Within the EU

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Deportation or removal

The first thing to note when dealing with deportation from the UK is to make a distinction between deportation and removal from the UK.

What is removal from the UK?

Removal from the UK occurs whereby the Secretary of State issues a Removal Notice on a person informing them that they are required to leave the UK.

When will this occur?

A removal notice is usually required when a person has no leave to remain in the UK as they have overstayed a previous visa or they have entered the country illegally when they first entered.

If a person is removed from the UK will they be allowed to return?

In the situation where a person is removed from the UK they will be able to apply to return to the UK however, since 2008 a person who has been removed from the UK may not apply for a visa for a period of 1, 5 or 10 years. This will depend upon whether they left under their own volition or they were removed.

What is deportation from the UK?

Deportation requires the individual to leave the UK and authorises his detention until he is removed – this is done through a document called a deportation order. That individual will also be prohibited from re-entering the country for as long as the deportation order is in force and invalidates any leave to enter or remain in the UK given to him before the order was made.  Accordingly a deportation order can apply to any foreign national in the UK even if they hold a valid visa.

When will an individual automatically be deported from the UK?

Under Section 32 of the UK Borders Act 2007 The Secretary of State has a duty to make a deportation order in respect of a person who is not a British citizen who has been convicted in the UK of an offence and sentences to either:

Are there any exceptions to this automatic deportation under Section 32?

Section 33 of the UK Border Act provides for the following exceptions to the duty of deportation provided for by Section 32. They are as follows:

However, in the circumstances that an exception applies this will not bar any request for deportation as the Secretary of State can still pursue a claim for deportation.

In what other circumstances can an individual be deported from the UK?

The Home Office will pursue the deportation of individuals from the UK in the following circumstances:

What is the process for deportation?

Notice of intention to deport

The first step in the deportation process is for the Home Office to issue a notice of intention to deport. The Home Office will take into consideration various factors when deciding whether to issue a notice of intention to deport. The factors which they will consider will relate to the following:

Representations

Before a decision is made on whether to issue a deportation order to that person the Home Office will usually write to that person stating that they are considering issuing a deportation order against them and asking them to make certain representations to be made by a specific deadline.

This will then provide that person with an opportunity to argue the decision and provide reasons why they should not be deported such as Human Rights (right to establish a private and family life) or that there removal would be in contravention of the Refugee Convention.  An individual should try and include as much information as is possible at this stage.

Decision by Secretary of State

The Secretary of State will then issue a decision on whether the deportation order will be pursued. If the deportation order is pursued then the individual who is the subject of the order will have a right to appeal the decision.

Right to appeal

The right to appeal is the best way for an individual to put together a case as to why they should not be deported. Issues which can be examined here are witness statements from friends and family members and education qualifications can be brought into play here to try and convince an immigration judge that the case should not be followed.

What will happen following the appeal?

If the appeal is successful then the individual will have the deportation order imposed against them dropped. If the appeal is unsuccessful the deportation order will be signed and enforced and the person will be deported from the UK.

How long do deportation orders last?

The immigration laws of England and Wales do not allow a deportation order to be revoked until after three years except for in exceptional circumstances.

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