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Football Law

Playing Contracts

Football Player Breaking Contracts

Football Players Verbal Contracts

Footballers Not Paid Wages

Salary Caps in Football

Footballer Work Permits

UEFA Financial Fair Play Proposals

Pay As You Play

Premier League Parachute Payment

Footballers Playing for Free

Football Player Under Contract Approaching Clubs

International Game Injuries

Organisations

Referees Association

Football Clubs Voice in UEFA

Football Associations Power

Football Licensing Authority

Supporters Federation

Government Involvement in International Football

Companies Organising Matches

Human Rights Act in Football

Professional Footballers' Association

Matches and Fans

Violence at Matches

Ticket Touting and Football

Away Tickets Football Matches

Chanting Football Fans

Football Hooliganism

Football Season Tickets Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts

Matches Behind Closed Doors

Football Banning Orders

Regulatory Matters

Change to Premierships Format

Conduct to Referees in Football

Football Quotas and Home Grown Player Rule

Wealth and Corruption

Corruption in Sport Football

Teams Refusing to Play in Tournaments

Goal Line Technology in Football

Racist Abuse in Football

Player Transfers

Bosman Decision on Football Transfer

Football Transfer Penalties

Potential Legal Issues in Transfer Window

Managers Moving Clubs

Footballers Transfer in Season

Media Rights

Youtube and Premier League Rights

Footballers Names in Computer Games

Pub Landlord Showing Live Football

European Law on Selling Premiership Television Rights

Streaming Live Football Matches Online

Reproduce FA Fixtures on Website

Ofcom and Broadcasting

Admin

Foreign Football Takeovers

Football Super Creditors

Football Clubs Administration Insolvent

Building a Football Stadium

Football Stadiums and the Law

Ownership

Premier League Running England

Owning A Football Club

Dual Ownership of Football Clubs

Fans Running Football Clubs

Third Party Ownership Football Players

Agents

Football Agents

Football Agents Fiduciary Duty

Football Agents FIFA Regulation

Football Agents Player Transfers

Sponsorship

Sponsorship of International Teams

Different Sponsorship for Different Football Competitions

Footballers Tools of the Trade

Training Qualifications

Becoming a Referee

Coaching Qualifications

Are there any requirements in relation to football stadiums within the UK?

Traditionally football stadiums throughout the United Kingdom were made up of terraces whereby fans would go and stand to support their teams. Following on, however, from events during the 1980’s the football terrace was outlawed by law to be replaced by all seater stadiums.

The Hillsborough Disaster

What was the Hillsborough disaster?

During an FA Cup semi-final match in 1989 contested between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest which has held at the Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, ninety six Liverpool fans were killed due to overcrowding. 

Unlike the Heysel Stadium disaster four years previous the Hillsborough tragedy did not occur due to hooliganism as there was no violence whatsoever between the two sets of supporters. This incident occurred solely due to congestion.

Thousands of the fans who traveled to the game were late due to the traffic and delays to the railways causing many fans to hurriedly enter the stadium at the same time to avoid missing more of the match.

No entrances were sealed off causing many fans to enter into the same area and no larger gates were opened to redirect fans to safer areas.

What happened following the disaster?

Following the disaster the Home Office set up an enquiry which was run by Lord Justice Taylor beginning on the 15th May 1989 and lasting 31 days. The remit of the enquiry was as follows:

What were the recommendations following the Taylor Report?

The Taylor Report recommended that all top division stadiums in England and Scotland phase out the usual concrete terraces and have to become all-seater.

Has this recommendation has the desired effect?

Following from the requirement for all top division stadiums becoming all seater millions of pounds has been spent by every top club in both England and Scotland on developing their grounds.

All seater stadiums have become far safer and easier to manage as all spectators are each sold a ticket for a specific seat.

Furthermore the use of all seater stadiums has resulted in cases of football hooliganism decreasing significantly, meaning that incidents of violence within football grounds have become almost non-existent.

Following on from these arrests for football-related crimes have reduced dramatically since the late 1980’s and attendances have steadily been on the increase.

These positives aside many fans feel that the atmosphere within the stadia has greatly decreased following the elimination of terracing.

The Football Spectators Act 1989

What was the Football Spectators Act?

During the 1980’s there was not only disasters at football ground due to over congestion on the terracing there was also disasters in relation to hooliganism and other specific issues with the stadia. The Football Spectators Act was brought in to address the issues caused by the Heysel disaster in 1985 and the fire at Bradford City in 1986.

The main provisions of the Football Spectators Act was to bring in the compulsory distribution of identity cards to every football fan attending league and international matches played in England and Wales.

Under this system it would have been possible to identify any known hooligans and prevent them from entering stadiums.

However, this system received poor figures from the football league clubs with only 13 of the 92 football league clubs implementing it by the requisite date.

This has now been repealed by the Football (Offences and Disorder) Act 1999 which introduced the Football Banning Order as a much more effective tool to combat football hooliganism.

Problems with the Taylor Report

What were the problems with the Taylor Report?

Following on from the publication of the Taylor Report there were many issues which have been criticised which are as follows:

What requirements do we currently see in relation to football stadiums?

In the present day following the Taylor Report we see the following legal conditions which must be adhered to for all football stadiums throughout the country:

Policing at Football Stadiums

The Police were one of the authorities which were widely criticised as part of the Hillsborough disaster and are an integral part of maintaining safety and crowd order in and around a football stadium.

The Police have vast control concerning the safety aspects of football matches and as a consequence will ensure that the two sides from the same city will not both play in the city on the same weekend. For example in Manchester when United play at home City will play away in order to ensure that the match can be properly policed and the resources are not stretched.

Accordingly the police and local authorities have the power to ensure that changes are made to the fixture list in order to achieve this.

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