Statements of Case

What are Statements of Case?

These are formal documents used during litigation. These documents provide details and information what each party has about the case. The Civil Procedure Rules defines these documents to be, the claim form, particulars of claim, defence, counterclaim, additional claim under Part 20, reply to defence and further evidence.

Statement of Case is the first document which is served between both the parties. After this document, the claimant serves the particulars of claim followed by a defence which is served by the defendant and then most likely a reply from the claimant. Most importantly, these documents are read by the judge. Hence they have to be well drafted.

What is the purpose of Statements of Case?

There are two main reasons or purposes to serve the statements of case. The first purpose is to inform the other side of the case that they have a trial and the second purpose is to inform the other party of the contentions that will be put forward by the other parties so that the trial judge can understand what the issue is between the parties.  

Particulars of Claim

A particulars of claim is a document which defines what facts the claimant needs to prove to establish the cause of action.

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For more information on:

  • Defence
  • Counterclaim
  • Reply or Defence to Counterclaim
  • Statement of Truth
  • Striking out Statement of Case