The term “fallen stock” is used to describe livestock that dies of natural causes or disease, or is killed on a farm for purposes other than human consumption.
There are strict rules relating to the disposal of fallen stock. Subject to certain exceptions, the burial or burning of fallen stock in the open is prohibited. This prohibition applies also to afterbirth and stillborn animals.
The disposal of fallen stock is governed by the following pieces of legislation:
- The Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (England) Regulations 2011;
- Regulation (EC) No. 1069/2009 laying down health rules as regards animal by-products and derived products not intended for human consumption and repealing Regulation (EC) No. 1664/200 (Animal by-products Regulation);
- Regulation (EC) 142/2011 implementing Regulation (EC) No. 1069/2009 laying down health rules as regards animal by-products and derived products not intended for human consumption and implementing Directive 97/78/EC as regards certain samples and items exempt from veterinary checks at the border.
How can fallen stock be disposed of?
Fallen stock can be disposed of by incinerating the carcass on the farm where it died or by arranging for it to be disposed of at an approved site.
On-farm incinerators must be of a type which has been approved and cannot be used to incinerate other animal by-products. The ash from an incinerator must generally be disposed of at a permitted landfill site.
For more information on:
- Notifiable diseases
- Additional requirements relating to fallen cattle over the age of 48 months
- Exceptions to the ban on the burial or burning of fallen stock in the open